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2014年第16号强热带风暴“凤凰”
编号: 201416
中文名称: 凤凰
英文名称: Fung-wong
名字来源: 中国香港
名字含义: 山峰名
活跃时间: 9月18日-9月24日
巅峰风速: 28m/s
强度等级: 强热带风暴级(STS)
中心最低气压: 982hPa
存在时长: 162小时
巅峰时长: 12小时
登陆情况: 9月19日10时于菲律宾卡加延省巴高沿海登陆,9月21日10时于中国台湾省屏东县恒春镇鹅銮鼻沿海登陆,9月21日22时于中国台湾省新北市贡寮区三貂角沿海登陆,9月22日19时35分于中国浙江省宁波市象山县鹤浦镇沿海登陆,9月23日10时45分于中国上海市奉贤区海湾镇沿海登陆
伤亡情况: 26死,20伤
经济损失: 约7542.38万美元
我国预警与灾情汇总
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During September 17, the JMA started totrack a tropical depression as it had entered the Philippine Area ofResponsibility and PAGASA subsequently named it, Mario. The JTWC alsoclassified it as Tropical Depression 16W in the same time it was named. Mariolater intensified into a tropical storm, with JMA assigning the name Fung-wongas it neared Luzon. By September 19, Fung-wong made landfall over in thenorthern tip of Cagayan. Early on September 20, JMA upgraded it to severetropical storm strength, although in post-analysis, Fung-wong only reachedtropical storm strength at its maximum intensity. Moving northward, the stormmade landfall on the shores of the southeastern part of Taiwan during the nextday. Fung-wong later weakened due to land reaction. Both agencies downgradedFung-wong to a tropical depression, just as it was making landfall overShanghai on September 23. On September 24, Fung-wong started to interact with afrontal system and both the JMA and the JTWC issued their final advisory on thesystem, stating that it had become extratropical. Its remnants dissipated overin the Korean Peninsula on September 25.

During September 19, Fung-wong combinedwith the southwest monsoon brought extensive rainfall and flooding throughoutmost of the Philippines, and many say that Metro Manila had its worst floodingsince 2009. Quezon City had a precipitation total of 268 mm in less thansix hours and the Marikina River reached the level of 20 meters, causing manypeople to evacuate within the area. 21 flights have been delayed over in ClarkInternational Airport and many power outages occurred in many provinces. Totaldamage loss recorded from the NDRRMC had reached to ₱3.4 billion (US$75.5million), and a total of 18 people were killed with an additional 16 missing.In addition to those, similar to Karding, hail was reported over in Makati onSeptember 18. Moreover, rainfall in Taiwan also canceled many flights andkilled three people. Total economic losses in Mainland China were counted to beCNY 950 million(USD 153.226 million).


2014年9月13日,一个低压区在关岛东南方海面上生成。同日,美国海军研究实验室给予扰动编号96W。

9月15日上午9时,联合台风警报中心对其在24小时内形成为热带气旋的机会给予“LOW”的评级。

9月16日上午7时,联合台风警报中心对其评级提升为“MEDIUM”。下午8时,日本气象厅将其升格为热带低压。

9月17日上午4时,联合台风警报中心对其发布热带气旋形成警报,并对其评级提升为“HIGH”。香港天文台在上午11时45分表示“一个热带低压似乎在形成中”,并于下午2时将其升格为热带低压。下午2时,日本气象厅对其发出烈风警报。下午8时,联合台风警报中心将其升格为热带低压,并给予编号16W。同时,中国中央气象台将其升格为热带低压。

9月18日上午2时,日本气象厅、澳门地球物理暨气象局以及香港天文台将其升格为热带风暴,并命名为凤凰。同时,中央气象局将其升格为轻度台风。上午8时,联合台风警报中心将其升格为热带风暴。上午10时,中央气象台将其升格为热带风暴。上午12时,大韩民国气象厅将其升格为热带风暴。

9月19日上午10时,凤凰于菲律宾卡加延省巴高沿海登陆。下午2时,中央气象台将其升格为强热带风暴。

9月20日上午2时,日本气象厅将其升格为强热带风暴,同时凤凰亦逐渐减速并转向北移动。上午5时,香港天文台将其升格为强热带风暴。上午8时,澳门地球物理暨气象局以及大韩民国气象厅将其升格为强热带风暴。

9月20日下午2时,日本气象厅将其降格为热带风暴。下午4时,在巴士海峡进行滞留,重整被破坏的结构并吸收季风槽之水汽增强,但重整不善,导致结构稍微破坏,并开启云卷风眼。

9月21日上午10时,凤凰掠过台湾屏东县恒春镇鹅銮鼻。下午2时,凤凰经观测后,其副中心正建构当中。下午5时,其副中心于台湾桃园县新屋乡近海形成。晚上10时,凤凰亦再掠过台湾新北市贡寮区三貂角。

9月22日晚上7时35分,凤凰于中国浙江省宁波市象山县鹤浦镇沿海登陆。晚上10时,香港天文台将其降格为热带风暴。

9月23日上午9时,中央气象台将其降格为热带风暴。上午10时45分,凤凰于中国上海市奉贤区海湾镇沿海登陆。下午2时,联合台风警报中心将其降格为热带低压。下午8时,联合台风警报中心对其发出最后的警报,同时凤凰亦逐渐加速并转向东北移动。

9月24日,凤凰加速至每小时40千米,穿越东海,移向朝鲜半岛南部及其邻近海域。上午8时,日本气象厅认为凤凰已经转化为一股温带气旋。上午11时,香港天文台认为凤凰已经转化为一股温带气旋。同时,中央气象台亦认为凤凰已经转化为一股温带气旋。